Measuring educational outputs: One possible approach

  • Petr Nezhnov HSE University
  • Elena Kardanova HSE University
  • Boris Elkonin HSE University
Keywords: school education, educational outputs, quality evaluation, knowledge acquisition


The present paper describes and discusses the SAM test (School Achievements Monitoring) — a new approach to measuring educational outputs in different subjects. The test is being developed by specialists from the Center for International Cooperation in Education Development (CICED) in the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. The paper includes the examples of test assignments and information about the testing of this measuring instrument.


Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Nezhnov, Petr, Elena Kardanova, and Boris Elkonin. 2013. “Measuring Educational Outputs: One Possible Approach”. Voprosy Obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no. 1 (October), 26-43.
Theoretical and Applied Research

Most read articles by the same author(s)