Gita Steiner-Khamsi 1
  • 1 Steiner-Khamsi Gita - PhD Professor, Columbia University (New York, USA), Columbia University, 116th and Broadway, New York, NY10027

Teach or Perish: The Stavka System and its Impact on the Quality of Instruction 

2016. No. 2. P. 14–39 [issue contents]

Steiner-Khamsi Gita - PhD Professor, Columbia University (New York, USA). Address: Columbia University, 116th and Broadway, New York, N Y10027. E-mail: gs174@tc.columbia.edu

The post-Soviet teacher salary system is referred to as a “teaching load” (stavka) system, because the number of teaching hours accounts for the wide range of teachers’ income. This article discusses the challenges of the stavka system, presents a few changes and modifications over time, and provides examples of salary reforms of two countries: the 2007 teacher salary reform in Mongolia and the 2011 reform in K yrgyzstan. The UNICEF Kyrgyzstan study identifies six negative consequences of the high correlation between the salary and the number of hours taught: vulnerability of teachers, micromanagement of teachers, overcrowding of schools, vacancies as placeholders or “strategic vacancies”, excessive teaching loads, the redistribution of teaching hours to non-specialists. The Government of Mongolia successfully replaced the teaching load system with a workload system in 2007. In Kyrgyzstan, the re-stratification process led to a revolt of those who lost in the wake of the reform. Within a period of two years only, they ensured that the stavka-system was, with a few exceptions, put back in place. 

Citation: Steiner-Khamsi G. (2016) Uchit', chtoby vyzhit': oplata truda po stavke i ee vozdeystvie na kachestvo prepodavaniya (per. s angl. L. Troninoy) [Teach or Perish: The Stavka System and its Impact on the Quality of Instruction References]. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no2, pp. 14-39.