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2011. no3

Educational Policies

5–53

The current paper is concerned with an analysis of main challenges to contemporary school education and of examples of good responses to these challenges in different countries. The authors use results of international surveys of quality of education and comparative educational research to discuss competitive advantages of Russian educational system and its potential for development. Current school system in Russia can be attributed to the «fair» one according to the classification of McKinsey&Company. There are different strategies to reach the «good» or «great» level.

Changing the whole system and elimination of a backlog were very popular in post-soviet Russia. These strategies use administration as a primary resource. They are very expensive, insensitive to local features of the system and contribute to the accumulation of «fatigue of changes». There is another possible strategy — development of strengths. This scenario implies successful initiative and interest of researchers, teachers and schools as the main sources of changes. This approach can be called «humanitarian modernization of education». The authors discuss possibilities of using this strategy and a set of measures which are necessary to consolidate and to use the competitive advantages of Russian educational system. 

54–72

The present paper analyzes the concept of innovation-based economy in the context of the educational system. The author states that in preparing human resources for innovation-based economy educational system does not account for the current trends of economic development, for instance the distributed nature of business processes and socio-cultural modernization. The author considers the directions of changes in a current «educational mode» — a system of relations in education which affects the future system of relations in society. 

Theoretical and Applied Research

73–137

James J. Heckman. Policies to foster human capital // Research in Economics. 2000. Vol. 54. P. 3–56 (Данный вариант статьи был представлен на форуме имени Аарона Вилдавски, Университет Калифорнии, Беркли, в апреле 1999 г., а предыдущая версия — на лекции памяти Гидеона Фишельсона в Тель-Авивском университете в декабре 1998 г.)

138–163

Honorary lecture AERA 2010 г. (Michael Cole. What’s culture got to do with it? Educational research as a necessarily interdisciplinary enterprise // Educational Researcher. 2010. Vol. 39. No. 6. P. 461– 470)

164–191

The authors estimate contribution of different factors in reading skills of 15?year-olds by using four models of multilevel regression analysis. It turned out that the most significant factor is family background — not only at the individual level, but at the school level as well (average school socio-economic status of schoolchildren families effects average reading skills). At the school level the aggregated family characteristics of students affect individual achievements, and this effect surpasses an effect of school resources and localization of schools — those school factors that show a significant contribution to achievement. Attitudes toward reading and learning are significant at the individual level, but at the school level children’s attitudes toward reading and school don’t make an independent contribution to the individual results.

Practice

192–209

The authors of the current article used distributions of the sum score of Russian unified state exam of accepted students to compare training programs. The authors propose quantitative and qualitative indicators of the differences between the programs. The effects of the bundle of programs by unified state exam’s score are illustrated by an empirical analysis of admission campaigns in some schools in 2009 and 2010. 

210–225

The author considers Anglo-American studies of academic labor market to show that declared principle of meritocracy in science isn’t so important. Prestige of the department in which an applicant received a doctoral degree plays a crucial role in the recruitment to different university positions. The role of scientific publications is not so important in analyzing the reputation of the department as well. High publication activity alone is enough neither for a graduate to get a position at a prestigious department, nor for the department to improve the reputation rating.

226–236

This article provides a summary of results of a survey of teachers and content analysis of grant applications, aimed at investigating the participation of regional universities’ faculty in competition for grants in research and teaching.

Discussion

237–243

The article is concerned with discussion of the organization of students’ scientific research in schools. Author supposes that it is necessary to overcome the bureaucratic approach to regulation of students’ scientific activities in schools to give students the possibilities to acquire skills of scientific research.

Education Statistics and Sociology

244–260

In the current article employment of graduates of vocational schools is described on the basis of data from the Monitoring of economics of education (students and leaders of vocational education survey, as well as interviews with business leaders of six sectors of the economy).

History of Education

261–278

The article observes the features of professional training the teachers of foreign languages in the second half of the XIXth — the beginning of the XXth centuries; analyzes the factors, which influence the growth of professional skills, pedagogical culture and the conditions for perfecting knowledge and creativity. There are also given the statements of famous linguists, advanced teachers of foreign languages and public figures of the period under study about the the possible ways of improving professional skills of the foreign language teacher.

Book Reviews and Survey Articles

279–286

The author considers the content and structure of the book of famous American educational researcher in terms of contribution to the sociology of higher education and ways of using this monograph in teaching and research. 

Reflections on…

287–300

The present article is concerned with philosophical foundations of the formation of beliefs and practices of patriotic education in institutions of secondary education. These foundations and practices are analyzed in order to get an answer to the question whether it is necessary to develop in educational system special methods of cultivation of Russian identity and, if the answer is yes, on what principles these methods should be built.