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Galina Efimova1, Mikhail Gribovskiy2, Alexander Sorokin1
  • 1 Tyumen State University, 6 Volodarskogo St., 625003 Tyumen, Russian Federation
  • 2 Tomsk State University, 36 Lenin Ave., 634050 Tomsk, Russian Federation

Social Prestige of a Scientific and Pedagogical Specialists in Russia and Europe: Paradoxes of Subjective Perception of the Profession

2022. No. 2. P. 117–139 [issue contents]
Galina Z. Efimova — Candidate of Sciences in Sociology, Professor, Department of General and Economic Sociology, Tyumen State University. 
Address: 6 Volodarskogo St., 625003 Tyumen, Russian Federation. E-mail: g.z.efimova@utmn.ru (сorresponding author) 

Mikhail V. Gribovskiy — Doctor of Sciences in History, Professor, Department of Russian History, Tomsk State University. 
Address: 36 Lenin Ave., 634050 Tomsk, Russian Federation. E-mail: mgrib@mail2000.ru 

Alexander N. Sorokin — Candidate of Sciences in History, Leading Researcher, Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Space Studies, Director of the School for Environmental and Social Studies, Tyumen State University. 
Address: 6 Volodarskogo St., 625003 Tyumen, Russian Federation. E-mail: soranhist@yandex.ru 

The article presents an assessment of the level of social prestige of the academic profession in Russia and European countries. In literature a thesis about the crisis of academic profession in prevail. The empirical part of the study is based on the results of in-depth interviews with academic staff in Europe (45 informants, 2016–2019) and Russia (120 informants, 2019–2021). 
Informants from European universities note the high prestige of the profession, but aslo point out its decrease from the end of the 20th to the beginning of the 21st century. One of the reasons is the ignorance of society about the professional activities of scientific and pedagogical workers and their official duties, which are much broader than the transfer of knowledge to students. In addition, socio-economic factors, insufficient funding for higher education, multitasking and multidisciplinary functions of academic workers, consumer attitude of students to the educational process were named as reasons for the decline in prestige. 
In opposite to foreign colleagues, Russian informants has noted the increase in the prestige of the profession in recent years. At the same time, this trend does not apply to all scientific and pedagogical staff, but only to those who meet high qualification requirements. Informants from Russian universities note a positive and respectful perception of the academic profession, both by the general public and by the social environment.
Citation: Efimova G.Z., Gribovskiy M.V., Sorokin A.N. (2022) Sotsial’nyy prestizh nauchno-pedagogicheskogo rabotnika v Rossii i Evrope: spetsifika sub”ektivnogo vospriyatiya professii [Social Prestige of a Scientific and Pedagogical Specialists in Russia and Europe: Paradoxes of Subjective Perception of the Profession]. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no2, pp. 117-139. https://doi.org/10.17323/1814-9545-2022-2-117-139
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