Liubov Antosik 1, Natalya Ivashina2
  • 1 University of Tyumen, 6 Volodarskogo Str., 625003 Tyumen, Russian Federation
  • 2 Far Eastern Federal University, 8 Sukhanova Str., 690090 Vladivostok, Russian Federation

Factors and Routes of Interregional Migration of University Graduates in Russia

2021. No. 2. P. 107–125 [issue contents]
Liubov Antosik, Candidate of Sciences in Economics, Senior Research Fellow, Laboratory for Labor Market Studies, University of Tyumen.

Address: 6 Volodarskogo Str., 625003 Tyumen, Russian Federation. E-mail: l.v.antosik@utmn.ru (corresponding author)

Natalya Ivashina, Candidate of Sciences in Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Business Informatics and Economic and Mathematical Methods, School of Economics and Management, Far Eastern Federal University.

Address: 8 Sukhanova Str., 690090 Vladivostok, Russian Federation. E-mail: ivashina_n@mail.ru

Data from Russia’s Portal for Monitoring Employment of University Graduates isused to analyze migration of youths between 2013 and 2015. Interregional mobility of human resources stems, in particular, from uneven distribution of universities across the country and socioeconomic disparities between regions. Migration of university graduates may deprive some regions of much of their skilled workers. The largest migration flows are observed between Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Moscow Oblast. Apart from federal cities, graduates are also attracted by industrial regions of the Russian North. 
This study makes use of a modified gravity model that includes various socioeconomic indicators of home and recipient regions in addition to the basic gravity model factors. Gravity modelling allows identifying a number of migration factors associated with the areas of origin and destination. Origin factors (the ones that push, or repel, graduates out of the region) include low wages and high rates of poverty and unemployment. Destination factors (the ones that pull, or attract, graduates into the region) are represented by high wages and high levels of cultural development and business innovation. Most often, university graduates migrate from south to north and from east to west. Federal subjects of Russia differ essentially by the demand for graduates in regional labor markets. Analysis reveals which regions of Russia attract or repel academic migrants. Territories with consistently diminishing populations of skilled workers are in urgent need for dedicated programs to attract young professionals from other regions, new high-performance jobs, and improvements in the quality of life.
Citation: Antosik L. V., Ivashina N. V. (2021) Faktory i napravleniya mezhregionalnoy migratsii vypusknikov vuzov v Rossii [Factors and Routes of Interregional Migration of University Graduates in Russia]. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no2, pp. 107–125.