Hide
Раскрыть

Tamara Gordeeva1, Oleg Sychev2, Anastasia Sidneva1
  • 1 Lomonosov Moscow State University, Bld. 9, 11 Mokhovaya Str., 125009 Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, 53 Vladimira Korolenko Str., 659333 Biysk, Russian Federation

Assessment of School Student Achievement in Traditional vs Developmental Education: Psychological and Pedagogical Analysis

2021. No. 1. P. 213–236 [issue contents]
Tamara Gordeeva — Doctor of Sciences in Pedagogical Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology of Education and Pedagogics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Address: Bld. 9, 11 Mokhovaya Str., 125009 Moscow, Russian Federation. E-mail: tamgordeeva@gmail.com (Corresponding author)

Oleg Sychev — Candidate of Sciences in Psychology, Associate Professor, Research Fellow, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University.

Address: 53 Vladimira Korolenko Str., 659333 Biysk, Russian Federation. E-mail: osn1@mail.ru

Anastasia Sidneva — Candidate of Sciences in Psychology, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Psychology of Education and Pedagogics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Address: Bld. 9, 11 Mokhovaya Str., 125009 Moscow, Russian Federation. E-mail: asidneva@gmail.com

This study is a theoretical analysis of two student assessment systems that are most common in Russian schools: traditional performance grading and evaluation within the developmental education paradigm proposed by Daniil Elkonin and Vasily Davydov, which implies a set of assessment criteria for different types of achievement, self-assessment, peer assessment, and no focus on assessment results or comparisons.
Elementary school students enrolled in traditional and developmental education systems became participants in two empirical studies. Projective techniques (Three Wishes and Three Questions to a Wise Man) were used to measure grades’ related anxiety among third- to fourth-graders in traditional (TE) and developmental classes (DE). Content analysis of children’s spontaneous wishes and questions to a wise man (N(TE) = 327, N(DE) = 153) shows that students in traditional classes are more anxious about their grades than those in developmental classes. In addition, only children in the traditional education system focus on formal assessment at the expense of mastery-based learning outcomes.
The second study measured the relationship between grades and academic perseverance, motivation, and self-concept (N(TE) = 309, N(DE) = 78). The value and role of grades may vary in the structure of intrinsic and extrinsic academic motivation and perseverance, as their motivational function differs between the two systems of student assessment. Findings support the idea of organizing school assessments in the logic of developmental education, which is more differentiated, mastery-oriented, and objective. Furthermore, it is originally implemented in cooperation with children, supports the values of enquiry, initiative, independent thinking, and collective discussion, and is less focused on external control and diligence.
Citation: Gordeeva T.O., Sychev O.A., Sidneva A.N. (2021) Otsenivanie dostizheniy shkolnikov v traditsionnoy i razvivayushchey sistemakh obucheniya: psikhologo-pedagogicheskiy analiz [Assessment of School Student Achievement in Traditional vs Developmental Education: Psychological and Pedagogical Analysis]. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no1, pp. 213–236.
BiBTeX
RIS