Mikhail Sokolov1, Sofia Lopatina 2, Gennady Yakovlev 3
  • 1 European University at St. Petersburg, 6/1a Gagarinskaya Str., St. Petersburg, 191187, Russian Federation
  • 2 Max Planck Society, Advokatenweg 36, 06114 Halle (Saale)
  • 3 European University Institute, Via dei Roccettini 9, I-50014 San Domenico di Fiesole (FI)

From Partnerships to Bureaucracies: The Constitutional Evolution of Russian Universities

2018. No. 3. P. 120–145 [issue contents]

Mikhail Sokolov — Candidate of Sciences in Sociology, Professor, European University at Saint Petersburg. E-mail: msokolov@eu.spb.ru

Sofia Lopatina — PhD candidate, International Max Planck Research School for the Anthropology, Archaeology, and History of Eurasia (IMPRS ANARCHIE). E-mail: lopatina@eth.mpg.de

Gennady Yakovlev — PhD candidate, Department of Political and Social Sciences, European University Institute. E-mail: gennadii.iakovlev@eui.eu

Russian university is treated as a miniature political system in this article. Four hundred charters, statutes and ordinances are analyzed in order to identify three pivotal axes allowing us to classify constitutional frameworks of universities: the axis of independence from the founder, the axis of collegiality, or the balance of power between the rector and the academic council, and the axis of federalization, which shows how decentralized the organizational structure is. Next, it is shown how these variables are interrelated and how their stable sets form types of intra-university political systems—federative, unitary, dual and controlled—which exist or used to exist in Russia. Contrary to the widely held belief that all of the differences between universities can be traced to their position on the scales of “collegiality” (partnership model) and “managerialism” (bureaucratic model) and although public universities do resemble bureaucracies more than partnerships today, different elements of their constitutional design seem to have evolved independently and under the influence of different factors.

Citation: Sokolov M., Lopatina S., Yakovlev G. (2018) Ot tovarishchestva k uchrezhdeniyam: konstitutsionnaya istoriya rossiyskikh vuzov [From Partnerships to Bureaucracies: The Constitutional Evolution of Russian Universities]. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no3, pp. 120-145.