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Inna Antipkina 1, Marina Kuznetsova 1, Elena Kardanova 1
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

What factors help and hinder children’s progress in reading?

2017. No. 2. P. 206–233 [issue contents]
Inna Antipkina - Junior Researcher at the Center for Monitoring the Quality in Education, Institute of Education, National Research University Higher School of Economics. E-mail: iantipkina@hse.ru

Marina Kuznetsova - Candidate of Sciences in Pedagogy, Research Fellow at the Center for Monitoring the Quality in Education, Institute of Education, National Research  niversity Higher School of Economics. E-mail: mikuznetsova@hse.ru

Elena Kardanova - Candidate of Sciences in Mathematics and Physics, Associate Professor, Head of Center for Monitoring the Quality in Education, Institute of Education, National Research University Higher School of Economics. E-mail: ekardanova@hse.ru

Address: 20 Myasnitskaya St., 101000 Moscow, Russian Federation.

This study looked at the effects of phonological preparedness and vocabulary size in children, who just started primary school, on their progress in reading at the end of the first grade while controlling for other factors that can be related to increasing or decreasing reading achievements (such as SES, parenting activities and noncognitive development of children). The study was conducted using data from the iPIPS project which assesses the preparedness of children for schooling and their progress at the end of the first school year. The sample consisted of 2740 first-graders living in two large Russian cities (Krasnoyarsk and Kazan) whose reading skills were assessed twice, at the beginning and at the end of the 2014–2015 school year. The results demonstrated that low levels of phonological ability and vocabulary are related to lower results not only for those who just started  learning to read (as is suggested by the theoretical framework of reading skills acquisitions) but also for children who already have basic reading skills or read well. To compensate for this, special teaching approaches might be needed. Among family factors the main predictors or reading results were the level of the father’s education and language at home. Parenting activities related to reading were divided into informal (reading a book, discussing a book, reading street signs out loud during walks etc.) and formal (deliberate teaching of letters and writing letters or words), with informal activities being a significant predictor of reading outcomes at the end of the first year. Conclusions and limitations of the study are discussed.
Citation: Antipkina I., Kuznetsova M., Kardanova E. (2017) Chto sposobstvuet i chto meshaet progressu detey v chtenii [What factors help and hinder children’s progress in reading?]. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies. Moscow, no2, pp. 206-233.
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