2008. no2

Educational Policies


Selected Psychological Works. Moscow. 1989.


Translated from English by I. Friedman. 


The article presents a short review of changes in legislation concerning the regulation of higher education, and analyzes certain provisions of the new legislation. Particular attention is given to the relationship between the various levels of learned degrees as provided for by the changes in the legislation. The author highlights certain contradictions between the new legislation and the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The author considers the possible influence of the introduction of the two'stage higher education system on programs for second degrees. Job opportunities for Bachelors and Specialists’ status are discussed. The study is based on an analysis of the current legislation, academic papers in jurisprudence, and media publications dealing with education reform (including articles by foreign authors).

Theoretical and Applied Research


In many countries, the modern state education system is unable to satisfy the growing demand for education, in particular under conditions of budget deficit. Private schools both help to satisfy this demand and enhance the overall standards of quality and teaching efficiency. Unlike state-run schools, which are unable to provide quality basic education for all, private schools are financially efficient, rapidly react to emerging problems, and are highly transparent. The article gives a characterization of the private education sector and considers its interactions with the state education system. The author discusses the means by which the state may regulate private education and the principal types of partnership between the state and private entities in education. The review mostly deals with pre-university education.


Translated from English by M. Semenova. 


Always knowing and never being sure: familial and institutional habituses and higher education choice // Journal of Education Policy. 2007. Vol. 13. № 4. P. 519–529.



The article reviews the principal existing approaches to estimating the needed number of Masters students and presents data on the first attempts at introducing Masters programs in Russia. The authors discuss specifics of Masters programs in countries with a considerable experience in two'stage education programs, including how to determine the share of Masters students in the student population. Using data on the dynamics of the number and age distribution of scientists, project engineers, and teachers at technological universities, the authors forecast the demand for graduates with Masters degrees in technology in the near future. They formulate the principal conditions for a university to open Masters programs. Calculations comparing the costs of Masters and Specialist training are presented.


The article presents the results of the World Bank Project ‘Monitoring Key Skills in Graduates of Basic Professional Training Programs’. The purpose of the project was to develop and test techniques for estimating these skills. The article briefly describes the basic concepts used in this research, presents the principal approaches to developing the techniques and procedures of skills estimation. The authors present examples of the tests they developed and discuss the trial results of the proposed techniques.



Discussion of an article T.L. Klyachko, V.A. Mau Tendencies in the Development of Higher Professional Education in Russia // Journal of Educational Studies. 2007. № 3. P. 46–64.


Discussion of an article T.L. Klyachko, V.A. Mau Tendencies in the Development of Higher Professional Education in Russia // Journal of Educational Studies. 2007. № 3. P. 46–64.

Education Statistics and Sociology


The survey was prepared by Dr. D.R. Yusipova, a senior research fellow at the Institute of Statistic Research and Economy of Knowledge, HSE.


The author describes the principal stages in the development of research in profession prestige since the emergence of the field in 1925 and up to the recent publications of 2006. The key phenomenon uncovered in the course of the research is that the relative rating of prestigious professions remains almost independent of research technique, surveyed group, time or place. More precise recent studies showed that profession prestige does exhibit small dynamics, but nevertheless remains fairly stable. However, studies of this type are practically non'existent in Russia. The author offers a very general picture of the concept of profession prestige as it emerged in Western sociology after hundreds of studies. The conclusion of the article is that research on profession prestige is highly desirable in Russia. It is of use both for practical purposes (for education and professional orientation, or as an objective stratification parameter, for all social sciences) and as an independent topic of study.

Global Ratings on the Agenda

An important component of the modern global education market is the proliferation of global ratings of universities. Ratings are used by prospective students and their parents, university managers, government officials and other interested parties. Global ratings are of much interest in Russia as well. In this connection, the authors analyzed the existing approaches to the creation of global ratings and evaluated the place of Russian universities in these ratings.

History of Education


Book Reviews and Survey Articles