Social Factors Forming Differences in the Discourse on the Quality of School Education

Keywords: quality of school education, discursive analysis, role theory, education quality management, interview


The quality of school education is not only a normative, but also a social concept that is a part of the actual communicative field for almost all social groups. The attitude to the quality of education and measures aimed at improving it make up a complex and ambiguous structure, which is capable of either uniting people belonging to different professions, living in different territories, supporting different political views, or separating people who belong to seemingly homogeneous social groups. This publication contributes to the study of factors influencing different perceptions of the quality of school education typical for different stakeholders and their attitude to measures aimed at improving it. Basing on the results of the qualitative study, which embraced representatives of various social groups interested in the quality of school education, its discursive analysis is presented from the standpoint of modern social theories. Particular emphasis is placed on identifying the reasons for the recorded differences in the views of different social groups about the quality of school education, which ultimately allows us to come up with methods for predicting their behavior in relation to the managerial measures undertaken by the state for improving the quality of school education.


Download data is not yet available.


Alexandrov D.A., Tenisheva K.A., Savelyeva S.S. (2018) Patterns of School Choice: Two Districts in St. Petersburg. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no 4, pp. 199–229 (In Russian).

Antonova N.A. (2007) Pedagogical Discourse: Speech Behavior of the Teacher in the Classroom (PhD Thesis), Saratov: Saratov State University (In Russian).

Arutyunova N.D. (1990) Discourse. Linguistic Encyclopedic Dictionary (ed. V.N. Yartseva), Moscow: Sovetskaya entsiklopediya, pp. 136–137 (In Russian).

Avraamova E.M., Klyachko T.L., Loginov D.M., Polushkina E.A., Semionova E.A., Tokareva G.S. (2018) Monitoring of Efficiency of School Education. Success and Failure of Russian Schoolchildren (2018). Moscow: RANEPA (In Russian).

Barthes R (2003) Photographic Message. The Fashion System. Articles on the Semiotics of Culture. Moscow: Sabashnikov Publishing House, pp. 378–392 (In Russian).

Bashmanova E.L. (2019) The Experience of Researching Parents' Educational Requests to School. Uchyonye zapiski. Elektronny nauchny zhurnal Kurskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no 2 (50), pp. 98–107 (In Russian).

Biddle B.J., Twyman J.P., Rankin E.F. (1964) The Concept of Role Conflict. Norman, OK: Oklahoma State University of Agriculture and Applied Science.

Bochenkov S.A., Waldman I.A. (2013) Interpretation and Presentation of Unified State Exam Results: Problems and Possible Solutions. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no 3, pp. 5–27 (In Russian).

Bolotov V.A. (2018) The Past, Present, and Possible Future of the Russian Education Assessment System. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no 3, pp. 287–297 (In Russian).

Bolotov V.A. (2005) Creating an All-Russian System for the Evaluation of the Quality of Education. Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no 1, pp. 5–10 (In Russian).

Bolotov V.A., Waldman I.A., Kovaleva G.S., Pinskaya M.A. (2013) Russian Quality Assessment System in Education: Key Lessons. Education Quality in Eurasia, no 1, pp. 85–122 (In Russian).

Bourdieu P. (2001) Practical Meaning. St. Petersburg: Aletheia (In Russian).

Cannella G.S. (2000) The Scientific Discourse of Education: Predetermining the Lives of Others—Foucault, Education, and Children. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 36–44.

Dijk T. van (2013) Discourse and Power. Moscow: URSS (In Russian).

Dobrenkova E.V. (2006) Deformations of Educational Discourse. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 18. Sotsiologiya i politologiya / Moscow State University Bulletin. Series 18. Sociology and Political Science, no 1, pp. 106–119 (In Russian).

Dukhanina L.N., Mertsalova T.A., Goshin M.E., Kozina N.S., Kosaretskiy S.G., Shapchits L.A., Shimutina E.N. (2015) Educational Institutions of the Russian Federation: What Is Good? The View of the Parents. Moscow: The National Education Resources Foundation (In Russian). Available at: (accessed 5 May 2024).

Fairclough N., Blom V., Hazard K. (1997) Miten Media Puhuu. Tampere: Vastapaino.

Fiske J. (1987) Television Culture. London; New York: Methuen.

Foucault M. (1972) The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.

Ibrahim Y., Arshad R., Salleh D. (2017) Stakeholder Perceptions of Secondary Education Quality in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Quality Assurance in Education, vol. 25, no 2, pp. 248–267.

Jørgensen M.W., Phillips L.J. (2002) Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage.

Karasik V. (2000) On the Types of Discourse. Linguistic Personality: Institutional and Personal Discourse (eds V.I. Karasik, G.G. Slyshkin), Volgograd: Peremena, pp. 5–20 (In Russian).

Karaulov Yu.N. (1987) Russian Language and Linguistic Personality. Moscow: URSS (In Russian).

Kliucharev G.A. (2014) Reform of Russian Education System: Expert Opinion and Parent’s Atti-tude to It. Sotsiologicheskiy Zhurnal / Sociological Journal, no 3, pp. 70–85 (In Russian).

Krizhanskaya Yu. (2021) AKSIO-10 Survey. Part I. Goals and Objectives of the Education System (In Russian). Available at: (accessed 10.05.2024).

Kurganov M.A. (2021) Longitudinal Studies of Educational Trajectories of Youth in Russia and Abroad. Vocational Education and Labor Market, no 3, pp. 143–156 (In Russian).

Laclau E., Mouffe C. (2014) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. London: Verso Books.

Likhachev D.S. (1979) Poetics of Ancient Russian Literature. Leningrad: Khudozhestvennaya literatura (In Russian).

Makarov M.L. (2003) Fundamentals of the Theory of Discourse. Moscow: Gnosis.

Meade G.H. (2009) Favorites. Collection of Translations. Moscow: INION RAS (In Russian).

Merton R.K. (1957) Continuities in the Theory of Reference Groups and Social Structure. Social Theory and Social Structure. New York, NY: The Free Press, pp. 281–368.

Mertsalova T.A. (2015a) School Choice. Monitoring of Education Markets and Organizations. Moscow: HSE (In Russian).

Mertsalova T.A. (2015b) An Independent Evaluation of School: Mechanism of Public Control. School Technology, no 4, pp. 164–172 (In Russian).

Milrud R.P. (1985) The Psychological Structure of the Teacher's Statement in Teaching Activity. Voprosy Psychologii, no 5, pp. 139–145 (In Russian).

Mostova L.F. (ed.) (2011) Anthology of Cultural Studies. Symbolic Field of Culture. Moscow: Center for Humanitarian Initiatives. (In Russian).

Mullis I.V.S., Martin M.O., Foy P., Hooper M. (2017) PIRLS 2016 International Results in Reading. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Lynch School of Education, Boston College

Novikov A.M., Novikov D.A. (2008) How to Assess the Quality of Education? (In Russian). Available at: (accessed 5 May 2024).

OECD (2019) PISA 2018 Results. Vol. III: What School Life Means for Students' Lives. Paris: OECD.

OECD (2011) Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education. Lessons from PISA for the United States. Paris: OECD.

Parsons T. (1964) The Social System. Glencoe, Ill., Free Press.

Pêcheux M. (1969) Analyse Automatique du Discours. Paris: Dunod.

Ragozinnikova L.N. (2012) Quality Assessment of Education through the Eyes of the Studying, Parents and Teachers. Innovative Projects and Programs in Education, no 1, pp. 69–75 (In Russian).

Rusakova O.F. (2007) Basic Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Interpretation of Discourse. Antinomies: Scientific Yearbook of the Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, iss. 7, pp. 5–34 (In Russian).

Rusakova O.F., Spassky A.E. (2006) Discourse as a Powerful Resource. Contemporary Theories of Discourse: A Multidisciplinary Analysis (ed. O.F. Rusakova), Yekaterinburg: Diskurs-Pi, pp. 151–164 (In Russian).

Schleicher A. (2018) World Class. Paris: OECD.

Shchedrovitsky P.G. (1987) To the Analysis of the Topic of Organizational and Activity Games. Pushchino: National Center for Biotechnology Information (In Russian).

Shevlyakova-Borzenko I. L. (2017) Assessment of the Quality of General Secondary Education as a Content-Procedural Integrity. Pedagogicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie, no 4, pp. 43–53 (In Russian).

Shpakovskaya LL. (2015) The Educational Expectations of Parents: A Mechanism that Reproduces Social Inequality. Journal of Social Policy Research, vol. 13, no 2, pp. 211–224 (In Russian).

Skudaryova G.N. (2015) Personality, Society and State as Subjects of the Social Order to Education. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, vol. 21, no 3, pp. 11–17 (In Russan).

Strauss A., Corbin J. (1994) Grounded Theory Methodology: An Overview. Handbook of Qualitative Research (eds N.K. Denzin, Y.S. Lincoln), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 273–284.

Tenisheva K.A., Alexandrov D.A. (2017) Inequality in Educational Success and Plans of Schoolchildren: The Role of Migration, Ethnicity and Social Status. Education and Social Differentiation (eds M. Karnoy, I.D. Froumin, N.N. Karmaeva), Moscow: HSE, pp. 226–246 (In Russian).

Torfing J. (2005) Discourse Theory: Achievements, Arguments, and Challenges. Discourse Theory in European Politics: Identity, Policy and Governance (eds D. Howarth, J. Torfing), London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1–32.

UNESCO (2021) Reimagining Our Futures Together: A New Social Contract for Education. Available at: (accessed 5 May 2024).

Ushakova O.P. (2014) Educational Discourse as an Object of Linguistic Research. V mire nauchnykh otkrytiy, no 3-2, pp. 1234–1247 (In Russian).

Valdman I.A., Kosaretsky S.G., Mertsalova T.A. (2013) Public Report of the School. Practical Guide. M.: Prosveshchenie (In Russian).

Vesmanov D.S., Vesmanov S.V., Shevchenko P.V. (2015) Analysis of Educational Demands of the Customers of Educational Services in General Education: Limits and Methods. MCU Journal of Economic Studies, no 4, pp. 89–105 (In Russian).

How to Cite
SeninaNatalia A., MertsalovaTatyana A., and Zair-BekSergei I. 2024. “Social Factors Forming Differences in the Discourse on the Quality of School Education”. Voprosy Obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, no. 2 (July).
Research Articles