Психометрика и когнитивные исследования: противоречия и возможности кооперации

  • Юлия Кузьмина Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики» https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4243-8313
Ключевые слова: психометрика, когнитивная психология, экспериментальная психология, надежность, индивидуальные различия, анализ времени ответа, ингибиторная функция


Когнитивная психология в основном развивалась в рамках экспериментальной парадигмы, в отличие от психометрики, занимающейся оценкой индивидуальных различий и корреляционными исследованиями. С целью обнаружить барьеры, стоящие на пути сотрудничества когнитивной психологии с психометрикой, в статье рассмотрена краткая история взаимоотношений между экспериментальными исследованиями и психометрикой с конца XIX в. до настоящего времени. Обсуждаются основные проблемы, возникающие в когнитивных исследованиях из-за недостаточного использования психометрических моделей и применения устаревших методов анализа результатов тестирования. По итогам предлагается ряд рекомендаций с точки зрения психометрики для повышения точности измерений индивидуальных различий в когнитивных процессах и способностях.


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Как цитировать
Кузьмина, Юлия. 2023. «Психометрика и когнитивные исследования: противоречия и возможности кооперации». Вопросы образования / Educational Studies Moscow, вып. 3 (ноябрь). https://doi.org/10.17323/vo-2023-16875.
Специальный выпуск «Психометрические исследования»